Word study looks at spelling and phonics patterns of individual words. Word Work activities give students practice working with words. This helps them learn how to both read and spell words. For ELLs it is helpful to include pictures when possible for word work activities. This allows students to better understand the meaning of the words that they are learning how to read and spell.
Word sorts are a simple word work activity to give students practice with both phonemic awareness and phonics. For phonemic awareness have students sort pictures based on a target sound. Add in phonics practice by having students read and match a word. They can also sort just the word or the word and picture. The language level, vocabulary knowledge, decoding skills, and age of your students will determine what combination you use.
Digital word sorts are a quick way to set up word sorts without the extra time it takes for cutting and gluing.
When students are beginning readers they need many opportunities to read new words. The majority of the time it is best for students to read in words in context. It is also helpful to give short opportunities to read words in isolation as well. This gives students additional practice reading words with the phonics patterns they are learning or to review previously learned patterns.
One strategy to help students decode new words is continuous blending. Blend sounds together as you go. For the word flag a student would blend it as fl fla flag.
Blending lines are lists of words that have similar phonics patterns for a student to read. They are simple at first and progressively get more complex. They give students the opportunity to practice a new phoncis skill and review previously taught ones. In A Fresh Look at Phonics, Blevens explains in more detail how to create blending lines for students.
For a quick game give students a board with pictures of words that have a target sound. Show them a word and have them read the word then cover the picture of the word on the board.
For another game, cut apart words. Have students read a word and then move on a game board. Use a dice to make it more fun. You can also use pictures and have students spell the word. A white board works great for this.
Have students practice spelling and phonics skills as they write both words and sentences. You can add in vocabulary practice by using picturse. Dictation practice is a time when students think carfelly about how words are spelled.
If students need more assitance you can give them the letters of a word mixed up. Students think about the sounds that they hear in the word and unscramble the letters. For even more support add in magnetic letters that students can arrage.
Here is an example of taking a spelling worksheet and cutting it apart to add to an interactive notebook. I typically print the worksheet at 2 per page so that they fit inside.
Words Their Way for ELLs– An overview of using word sorts with ELLs along with specific strategies to support ELLs.
Phonics Mega Bundle– This is a HUGE collection of word sorts (print and digital), phonics color by code, and additional word study materials.